Adaptive and innovative countryside

Closed. 01.05.2020 - 31.03.2022
This study approaches the adaptive and innovative capacities of Finnish shrinking rural areas, as a multidimensional phenomenon, through the concept of smart shrinking, or as we term it: smart adaptation. The concept allows us to disentangle the impacts (both positive and negative) of demographic...

Looking for creative solutions and strategies at municipal level

Closed. 01.08.2020 - 28.02.2022
The starting point of the research is the concept of shrinking rural area as a multidimensional phenomenon. In areas with declining and ageing populations, the conditions for increased vitality, new opportunities and well-being are approached by applying smart shrinking concept. It is obvious tha...

Public financial flows to rural and urban areas

01.05.2022 - 31.07.2024
Public financial flows can be divided into 1) income collected via state and municipal taxes and
social security contribution and 2) their use to cover public expenditures, that are composed of
income transfers, public administration, service provision and the promotion of economic<...